Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films were known for their colorful visual style, was born in Parma, Italy. He attended Rome University and became famous as a poet. He served as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film "Accatone" (1961) and directed "Les recrues" (1962). His second film, "Prima della rivoluzione "(1964), which was released in 1971, received an Academy Award nomination for best screenplay. Bertolucci also received an Academy Award nomination as best director for "Le Dernier Tango à Paris" (1972), and the best director and best screenplay for the film "Le dernier empereur" (1987), which walked away with nine Academy Awards.
source: IMDb mini biography by Matt Dicker