Gérard Oury (born Max-Gérard Houry Tannenbaum; 29 April 1919 – 20 July 2006) was a French film director, actor and writer.
The son of Serge Tannenbaum, a violinist of Russian-Jewish origin,and Marcelle Houry, a journalist, Oury studied at upscale Lycée Janson de Sailly and then at the National Conservatory of Dramatic Art. He became a member of the Comédie-Française just one year before World War II, but fled to Switzerland to escape the anti-Jewish persecutions by the Vichy government. After 1945 he restarted his career as an actor, performing in the theatre and in supporting roles in the cinema. Oury became a movie director in 1959 (The Itchy Palm [fr]) and gained his first success in 1961 with Crime Does Not Pay (Le crime ne paie pas).
Joining André Bourvil and Louis de Funès as a comic duo, he burst into commercia...